Discuss the problems that Collectors face in the performance of their duties. Explain the revenue functions of the District Collector.
The importance of District Collector has grown in both the regulatory and the development functions after Independence. A Collector faces many problems in discharging his duties properly. One of them is frequent transfers as many a time the norm to retain an officer in a particular place for a period of three to five years is not followed. Due to frequent transfers he is unable to understand the problems of a district and its people, this affects the quality of administration.
Another problem is political pressure and interference. Political leaders think that their interests should always be served because they belong to that particular place while the Collectors dome for few years and go as they get transferred. To ensure law and order in district is the responsibility of the Collector and the duty of the Superintendent of Police is to assist him. But the administration suffers if the attitudes of the Collector and the Superintendent of Police are at variance. Lack of harmony between their approaches creates problems important occasions and while managing a crisis.
Studies have revealed that the Collectors on an average spend around 70 hours per week on official functions. This means 10 hours a day including Sundays and holidays. Heavy burden of reports and correspondence, meetings, tours and protocol duties affect the efficiency of work and, in turn, efficacy of the administration. For example, the protocol requires that whenever a dignitary like a Minister visits the district the Collector must receive him and should be available for discussion. During the calamities like flood or famine, the Collector, while occupied with relief work, has to spare time for such protocol duties.
The District Collector as head of the district administration and has three major functions: revenue, magisterial and developmental. He is Head of the Revenue Administration and the Principal Revenue Officer in the district. In revenue cases appellate jurisdiction lies with him. His responsibilities include maintenance of land records and collections of statistics at the village level, recovery of Takkavi loans and dues belonging to other departments. Many officials at various levels including a Deputy Collector assist the Collector in the discharge of his revenue functions.
In any emergency situation such as flood or famine, the Collector as head of the district administration conducts, controls and supervises relief operations in the district.