Herzberg theorized that there is distinction between motivational and maintenance factors in job situation and termed them as ‘motivators’ and ‘hygiene’ factors. Certain job conditions when in effect dissatisfy employees when they are absent but do not motivate strongly when that are present. Some of these are perceived by the management as motivation but are dissatisfires. The powerful dissatisfires are termed as maintenance factors in job because they maintain a reasonable level of Satisfaction. The dissatisfiers known as hygienic factors, because they support Mental health of employees. Maintenance of Hygienic factors depend on company policy its administration, technical supervision, working conditions job security, salary and personal life. Motivational factors are based in achievement, responsibility recognition, advancement possibilities of growth etc.
Difference between Herzberg’s and Maslow’s Theories:
Herzberg’s Theories: Herzberg’s theories based on two factor i.e. Motivators and dissatisfiers Herzberg’s theory of motivation differentiates between motivational and maintenance factors. Herzberg’s theory is applicable only to professionals. Herberg’s maintainence factors are mainly concerned with lower level needs.
Maslow’s Theories: Maslow’s theories are based on human needs and their satisfaction. Maslow’s theory of motivation theory is based on the hierarchy of needs. Maslow’s theory has universal application. Maslow’s theory deals with socio-psychological needs. Sometime on some point both Maslow and Herzberg converge.