How are the services classified at the State level? What is the significance of according a Constitutional status to the PSC?
There are two systems of classification of the State Services. They are:
First System: In this system all State Services are constituted department wise. While Class I and Class II are officers, the Class III consists of clerical staff and Class IV of manual workers. The basis of this classification is pay-scales, responsibility, and qualifications required.
Second System: In this system the State Services are divided in two categories: The Gazetted Posts and the Non-Gazetted Posts. The Gazetted officers are Class I and Class II of State Services and their role is administrative or supervisory. The Non-Gazetted ones belong to Class III and Class IV Services.
The Constitution of India has provided Union Public Service Commission for the Central Government and the State Public Service Commissions for the Slates. The independent status of these Commissions, like the Election Commission and the CAG etc., has made them bulwark of democracy. In order to make recruitment to civil services merit-based, impartial and free from any bias, the Constitution has entrusted this responsibility to Public Service Commissions.
To ensure complete independence and authority of the State Public Service Commissions, the Constitution contains detailed provisions regarding the membership of the Public Service Commissions, the functions and tenure of its members and the way of their removal, etc. The Constitution has kept the legislature and the executive of the State completely out of the recruitment process.