How can the financial problem of the Panchayati Raj Institutions be resolved? What measures are to be taken to protect the poor?
There should be a strong financial base for any organization to run smoothly and fulfill its objectives. It becomes much desirable when the organization is supposed to get involved in development process. So, the Panchayati Raj Institutions should be self-sufficient to perform its job; first of all we can establish a Panchayati Raj Finance Corporation. Then we can give some more tax collecting powers to Panchayati Raj Institutions and fix a share in state earnings and grants which can work to achieve the long term objectives.
There should be an impartial financial organization that can take on the responsibility to distribute the finances among these institutions, but it should be performed in a rational way done in Karnataka through 1985 Act where state government has to organize a State Finance Commission to workout the distribution of finances between the state and the Panchayati Raj Institutions. At the same time the Panchayati Raj Institutions should to create their own resource base as it is not wise to adopt the policy i.e. “no taxation, only representation.” The Panchayati Raj Institutions have to make serious efforts to exploit the local resources.
Poor Protect Measures.
The major cause of weakness of Panchayati Raj Institutions is the poverty spread all around, which in turn generates unemployment, illiteracy, hunger and develop an environment where you cannot think that people will think, work or participate in democratic processes which ultimately give the rural rich an opportunity to establish their dominance. So, if the benefits of the Panchayati Raj Institutions have to reach the poor and if the poor are to be associated with Panchayati Raj Institutions, it is necessary to strengthen their position by adopting corrective measures. It is required to find out the area where poor are dependent upon someone else and try to find out the ways to stop exploitation’s.
By Streamlining the public distribution system, social security measures, employment guarantee schemes and organizing the rural poor, the condition of poors can be improved. Also, by redistribution of assists in favor of the poor, by implementing land reform laws and creation of assets to the poor it is possible that their dependence upon. rich section can be minimized and they become self dependent.