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How was Big Five discovered? Who are the major proponents of Big Five?

How was Big Five discovered? Who are the major proponents of Big Five?

Course: ma psychology

1 Answer

Cattell’s theory provide support to many research and many involved in the discovery and clarification of the Big Five dimensions. Fiske developed simplified description on the basis of Cattell’s 22 variables. The factor structures were received from self ratings. A correlational matrix was prepared from different samples and found clusters which they termed the Big five. Many in lists drawn from Cattell’s 35 variables have replicated the five factor structure. These factors are labeled as

  • Extra-version or Surgency,
  • Agreeableness,
  • Conscientiousness,
  • Emotional stability versus neuroticism,
  • Culture.

These are called the Big Five, which is the representation of personality at the broadest level of abstraction. Each of these dimensions summarizes a large number of different, more particular personality attributes. After Fiske, many other researchers including Norman (1967), Smith (1967), Goldberg (1981), and McCrae & Costa (1987) carried out investigation. The “big five” can be described as broad categories of personality traits. Even as the five-factor model of personality gets support from a significant body of literature, researchers do not always agree on the exact labels for each dimension.


Saucier and Goldberg are the major proponents of Big 5. They presented evidence that nearly all clusters of personality-relevant adjectives can be subsumed under the Big. The lexical basis of Goldberg’s Five Factor Model (FFM) is those individual differences that are most salient and socially relevant will come to be encoded as terms in the natural language. FFM includes Extra-version, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Neuroticism, and Openness to Experience (OCEAN).

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May 12, 2019