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List the factors that enabled Gandhiji to successfully mobilize the masses for freedom.

List the factors that enabled Gandhiji to successfully mobilize the masses for freedom.

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1 Answer

Gandhiji was able to communicate with the people and won public support despite problems like cultural and linguistic diversity and hostile alien government.

  • Through identity with the masses and their aspirations: He made the people to identify themselves with a cause. He discarded his Western dress and dressed himself in the briefest of garments. By doing so, the people identified themselves with him and the cause he represented.
  • Use of symbol: Gandhiji used the charkha (spinning wheel) symbol, which became the logo of the national movement, symbolizing self-reliance and people’s participation in the cause of the movement.
  • Staging of events like the Dandi March: The Dandi March to make salt was a challenge to the British rulers and captured the imagination of the whole nation. The bonfires of foreign cloth was another such device, Gandhi used.
  • Holding of public meetings: Gandhiji also held public meeting and communicated and motivated the masses.
  • Writing of hard hitting articles in Harijan: He published a journal, Harijan, and continued to write articles focusing on problems of interest to the people.

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