Prior to NDPS Act 1985, control over the narcotic drugs in India was exercised through many Central and State legislation’s. As the time passed, changes also came in the operations of drug trafficking and the ways to drug abuse making the existing laws ineffective and out of date. Some of the major flaws in the laws prior to NDPS Act 1985 are listed under four points.
The provisions of penalties and punishments for the offenses were not strict. The maximum punishment provided under the Dangerous Drugs Act 1930 was only 3 years of , imprisonment with/without fine. For repeated offense it was 4 years of imprisonment with or without fine. This kind of mild punishment was not enough to deter anyone involved in either trafficking or abuse of the narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances.
Various enforcement agencies like the narcotic, customs, central and excise etc. responsible to prevention abuse and trafficking of banned drugs lacked enough authority to investigate and question in cases pertaining to drug trafficking and other related cases involving the banned substances.
India was one of the parities to sign international signed conventions and treaties in the field of narcotics control. These conventions and treaties called for some obligations but the existing central laws did not cover these obligations at all or in some cases the obligations associated with the treaties were partly covered.
Additional problem of in addition to narcotic drugs, was the trafficking and abuse of psychotropic substances. Controls were recommended in the convention on Psychotropic Substances, 1971, in which India also participated. But the existing laws did not cover any clause to check the spread of Psychotropic Substances in the Indian society.
Laws though existed they lacked teeth. On the other band the problem of drug abuse and other related crimes were increasing. Thus, in order to check the spreading menace of narcotic drugs and psychotropic need was felt to have a stringent legislation.
Explain the emotional response of the addictive family.
The addiction is not an individual disease but a family disease. None in the family can escape the consequences of addiction by th...MoreAnswered
Discuss the effects of drugs abuse on families and children.
Effects of drugs abuse on Families and Children The most affected category amongst all are children in ...MoreAnswered
Discuss, how substance abuse is biggest reason of domestic violence.
Domestic violence is a daily feature in the drug abuser's family, and most vulnerable are women and children, In most of the cases...MoreAnswered
How does addiction affect national development?
Affect's of addiction on National Development A drug user when is addicted can go up any limit to obtai...MoreAnswered
How does a family respond to addiction?
Addiction and alcoholism are not just a matter of curing the addict or alcoholic, the family also needs to acknowledge their pain ...MoreAnswered
What are the effect of substance abuse on family?
Drug and alcohol abuse not only affects the abuser and his/her life, but also the lives of family members. When recovery begins, y...MoreAnswered
How addiction becomes a disease?
It is very important to know how addiction becomes a disease. It was first declared by the American Medical Association for the fi...MoreAnswered
Explain the Erik Erikson's theory of Psycho-social Development.
Erik Erikson's theory of psycho-social development is one of the best known theories of personality in psychology. Erikson believed that personality develops in...MoreAnswered
What were the Shortcomings in Piagets theory?
The Some Important Shortcomings of Piagets theory. Problems with Research Methods. Much of the criticisms ...MoreAnswered
Explain the four cognitive processes in Piaget's cognitive theory of development.
Four Cognitive Processes are: Schemas: A schema describes both the mental and physical actions involved in understan...MoreAnswered
Write the characteristics of Authentic Activities.
The main characteristics are: Authentic activities have real-world relevance. Authentic activities are ill-de...MoreAnswered
What is Four Pillars of Education?
Four Pillars of Education. UNESCO is the UN agency that deals with education. It regularly held a special meeting with the nine count...MoreAnswered