Throw light on the Kingdom that arose in Deccan and South India with special reference to the Chalukyas, Pallavas and Pandyas.
The major political powers towards the end of sixth century A.D. were the Chalukyas, Pallavas and Pandyas. They were perpetually engaged in mutual wars.
The Chalukyas: Founder of Chahikya dynasty was Pulkesin I. He ascended the throne in 543-44 A.D. in Badami. His successors, later on over powered the Maurvas of Konkan and Kadaubas in Maharashtra. His successor Pukesin-II extended his empire till western Ganges and developed Chalukya Kingdom into a powerful regime. He combated with the Harshavardhanas army near Narmada river and also subjugated the Ahiyas in the South and was, Malavas and Gurjars in the North. In the year 621 A.D., Pukesin II sent his brother Vishnu Vardhana to take over the entire area of Vishmkundini of .Aaatihra delta. After having taken over the formed his own empire.
The Pandyas: The foundation of Pandya dynasty was laid by the king kadungon after he suppressed the kalabhras is the end of the sixth century A.D. Pandyas extended their power till Kaveri delta in the North and till Kerala in the South west. They also subjugated the southern most districts of Tamil Nadu.
The Pallavas: The foundation of pallava dynasty was laid in the middle of sixth century AD. by King Sirnhavishnu. He extended his empire till kaveri delta. He was succeeded by Mahendravarman, who extended his dominion in the North upto Krishna river. The neighboring rulers and enabling them to reach the area of influence of the Chalukyas of Badami and Pandyas of Madurai Between mid 7th century. They emerged as a powerful empire, However, Rashtrakutas in the Deccan replaced them. The middle of the eighth century saw their decline and eventually the Pallavas rule came to an end after Aparajita the Pallava king was defeated by Aditya Chola-I in the early 10th century.