The scheduling is one of the essential segments in the airlines industry. The airline’s schedule is constructed by the schedule planner. The prime function of the schedule planner is to plan flights and operating patterns of the company’s aircraft so that:
- • Airline makes a profit.
- Airline gains competitive advantages.
- Aircraft are used to optimum efficiency.
- Demands of customer are satisfied.
Scheduling objectives include:
- High frequency.
- To satisfy the customer.
- High load factors.
- Consistent timing.
- To utilization of high aircraft’s.
- Maximization of connections.
Constructing a profitable schedule is of utmost importance to an airline because its profitability is critically influenced by its flight offerings. Let’s focus our attention on the step’s of the airline schedule planning process involving schedule design and fleet assignment.
Airline schedule design involves determining when and where to offer flights such that profits are maximized and fleet assignment involves assigning aircraft types to flight legs to maximize revenue and minimize operating cost. The key to a successful project is in the planning. Creating a project plan is the first thing you should do when undertaking any kind of project. Often project planning is ignored in favor of getting on with the work. However, many people fail to realize the value of a project plan in saving time, money and many problems.
The schedules planning process is an important and integral part of the successful operation of airline. It does not stand alone it affects and itself affected by other considerations and departments within the company. The schedule planner must work towards the leveling out of manpower numbers so that staff is not under-utilized. On the contrary, almost every department within the airline should be involved in the schedules planning process, by way of discussion and exchange of information. There are mainly two constraints related with planning the schedule. They are internal and external constraints:
External Constraints include:
- Industry regulation.
- Night curfews.
- Slot problems.
- Peak surcharges.
- Infrastructural facilities.
Internal Constraints include:
- General operational requirements.
- Standby arrangements.
- Maintenance requirements.