What are the constituents of civil service at the State level? Discuss the significance of All India Services with reference to the States.
The civil services in the States can be divided in two distinct components. One of them is known as the States Services and the other is as All-India Services. The members of respective States Administrative Services are recruited by the State Governments to perform a variety of regulatory and developmental functions in the State. The second category of civil services in States is All India. Services. The members of these services are divided in State cadre. They are entrusted with many responsibilities in State Headquarters and districts. Two well-known All India Services are the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and the Indian Police Service (IPS).
The officers of the All India Services are recruited by the Union Public Service Commission through a competitive examination to attract the best talent. The members of such All India Services as Indian Administrative Service (IAS) are divided into State cadres. This system of allocation to State cadres is aimed to ensure uniformity and coordination of administration throughout the country and control of Central Government over it.
The IAS officers are moved back and forth between the State of their allotment and the Center during the first twenty years of their careers as they are controlled by the Union Government. They are regarded as “generalist administrators”. They are posted at senior positions in the States from District Collectors to the Chief Secretary.