The three forms of marriages found in India are:
- Monogamy: Under monogamy, one man marries one woman at a time. Until the passing of the Hindu Marriage Act 1955, a Hindu man could marry more than one woman at a time. However, only the kings and other powerful men practiced polygamy. The Hindu Marriage Act covered the Hindus, Sikhs, Joins, Buddhists etc. in its ambit. Thereon, monogamy is the most prevalent form of marriage in India.
- Polygyny: Under this system a man has two or more wives at a time. It is prevalent among the Muslin-is who are permitted to have a maximum of four wives at a time. Some tribes especially in the Northern and Central India practice polygyny.
- Polyandry: When a woman has more than husband at a time, it is called polyandry e.g. Todas of Nilgiris. It is, however, a not very common practice. When the woman marries several brothers at a time, it is termed as fraternal polyandry e.g. Irava, Kaniyan, Asari.
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