Cognitive development during adolescence can be better explained by dividing the period of adolescence into three parts:
- Early Adolescence.
- Middle Adolescence.
- Late Adolescence.
Cognitive Development in Early Adolescence: Early adolescents develop the ability to analyze different situations and can better be involved in complex problems. They are required to take personal decisions in school and at playtime.
- According to Piaget, the early adolescents use formal logical operations in daily tasks.
- They develop their own opinions.
- They have the courage to voice their views against the authorities.
- They have evolved personal thoughts relating to their choices in clothes, their favorite games etc.
- They demand for change in rules.
- They are able to solve mathematical puzzles.
Cognitive Development in Middle Adolescence: Middle adolescents indulge themselves in forming their own identity and they verify what are correct code of ethics. Following areas of cognitive development is seen in middle adolescents:
- They set their future goals.
- They explore different alternatives to a problems.
- They gain interest in solving mathematical and alphabetical puzzles.
- They develop interest in reading.
- They can plan things on long term basis.
Cognitive Development in Late Adolescents: In late adolescence, there is much more improvement in cognitive thinking. Their thinking is close to an adult’s thinking.
- They take interest in broader topics like history, politics, patriotism, etc.
- They have great debating power and can present their thoughts and views more influentially.
- They research for the selection of career. They choose to talk to professional to better understand various occupations.
- They gain a stand of their own in their groups, colleges and schools.
First of all in early adulthood, the adolescents thing in absolute terms. Either they have blind faith a person or do not trust him at. This type of an approach is known as dogmatism-skeptism. But as they grow old, they realize that there are no absolute truths. There may be some reasons for hold some point of views, such an approach is known as skeptical rationalism.