India Government efforts for Official languages.
In 1963 the Official Language Act provided for the continuance of English as official language for union Parliament. Even in states in which Hindi was not an official language English was to continue as official language as long as these states desired. The Kothari Commission appointed by the Government of India, recommended in June 1966, the adoption of regional languages in the universities within a period of ten years and favored the continuation of English language in the All India Institutions for the time being. In 1967 Triguna Sen, the then Education Minister of India, succeeded in getting a resolution adopted by the Union Cabinet which provided for the replacement of English by regional languages in all the universities within five to ten years.
This resolution led to the resignation of Mr. M.C. Chagla, the then Foreign Minister from the Union Cabinet. While tendering his resignation Mr. Chhagla said, “There is one tenet which I have considered to be basic to my political philosophy, such as I have, and that is the maintenance of the unity of India which should override all other considerations. I regret that, in my opinion, the educational policy of the Government is likely to threaten, if not undermine that unity I also accept the position that Hindi must ultimately replace English But I equally strongly believe that the change over from English to regional language must be gradual and must not impair education standards. The time limit proposed to be set for the change over in the universities of five years of undergraduate studies and ten years for all stages is probably impracticable and unrealistic.
Another solution for the linguistic problem was offered in the shape of three language formula which envisaged the compulsory teaching of three languages in school the regional language and English along with Hindi in the non-Hindi speaking states and English, Hindi and another modern Indian language in the Hindi speaking states. Efforts have been to put this formula in modified form into practice but the problem of language still eludes a solution. Now more languages have been gaining recognition.
It is evident from the above discussion that language problem has greatly influenced the political developments in the states and has generated much tension amongst the various sections of Indian population. The Central Government is to a large extent is to be blamed for the play up of the linguistic feelings. It has not been able to evolve a mutually acceptance language policy and has wavered between imposition of Hindi and the continuation of English as an official language. Furthermore, the official language of the union has been greatly confused with the highly sanskritised Hindi, which can be understood only in certain areas of Bihar, Rajasthan, Haryana, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, U.P. etc. It is therefore, quite natural for the non Hindi speaking people to feel apprehensive about their position and role in the future development of India. This gives rise to doubts about the future of their languages and culture. However, but the continuance of English.
While it can not be denied that the use of English should be continued at-least for higher education, so that various regions of the country can maintain a link with each other and the services of the intellectual elite of India can be availed of irrespective of their regional and linguistic differences. It is also desirable that graded development of Hindi should be encouraged so that the people of the non-Hindi speaking regions do not feel that it is being imposed on them. Regional languages should also be encouraged and the Hindi-speaking people should be encouraged to study the languages from the other regions. All this will help in integration of India. Now language problem has subsided as govt. of India has recognized right of states to use regional language as official language of the state and use of English by central government and Supreme Court.