Information processing approach to cognitive development involves identifications of special processes involved in developmental change. This change in cognition is seen by various processes with age. Following cognitive changes can be seen in relation to information processing in adolescence:
Efficiency: Adolescents process information more efficiently at a faster speed than children or even adults. The speed of processing information is best in adolescents. In fact it is rapid and alarming.
Multiplicity of Processing: The adolescents are able to process many information at a time. Their capability is not limited to attending to some information. This capability of adolescents can be seen in their better performance in video games and puzzles. They take so less time in finding to the solution. Their brain is very active which results in less reaction time.
Use of Strategies: Adolescents are skilled in making strategies. They use hypothetical thinking and try out all the possibilities and alternatives and do not lose heart until they reach to the appropriate solution.
Memory: The shaping of prefrontal cortex overlaps with high schooling. It is said that our high school reminisces always impact our personalities. We remember those years and most of our capabilities like our stress-coping techniques, our perception are shaped in high school years. The memory and information processing abilities all are very at peak in adolescence.
Verbal Problem Solving: The use of verbal .statements while solving any problem shows that their problem solving abilities are very sharp and clear. They know exactly what they are going to do and how they are going to do. The use of words like “I will do this and I know this will happen” and “I know how to do it but what will happen it goes wrong, maybe, we can try another technique” show that they are great problem solvers and are hypothetical too.