What is Lifelong Learning System? What are the Principles of Lifelong Learning System?
Lifelong Learning System is the continuous building of skills and knowledge throughout the life of an individual. It occurs through experiences encountered in the course of a lifetime. These experiences could be formal (training counseling, tutoring, mentor-ship, apprenticeship, higher education, etc.) or informal (experiences, situations, etc.) Lifelong learning, also known as LLL, is the lifelong, voluntary, and self-motivated pursuit of knowledge for either personal or professional reasons. As such, it not only enhances social inclusion, active citizenship and personal development, but also competitiveness and employ-ability.
The reasons for expanding educational facilities for Lifelong learning (LLL).
Change: Change has become an essential feature in contemporary life. Change requires continuous learning. Technological change and changes in the information domain are the two revolutions in ordinary life in the present era.
Social Change: Easy availability of information through the mass media eroding role of the family as a socializing agency, dislocation of family due to increasing urbanization, and changing sex roles have created A collapse of values.
Socially Disadvantaged Groups: The educational requirements of socially disadvantaged groups can be only met through formal education. Most of them drop out before completing their education. If they want to continue their education at their pace, institutions that support LLL can be helpful for them.
Demographic Changes: The population pyramid is becoming wider on the top since life expectancy has increased and every decade witnesses increase in the number of old people in all societies. LLL can keep them engaged in various constructive activities.
LLL has to be deliberate and self-regulated, Such learning has four characteristics:
- It is intentional the learner has high motivation for sustaining it.
- It has definite and specific goals.
- These goals provide the urge to continue for the learner, LLL is not undertaken just to avoid boredom.
- The earner wants to use whatever he learns. through LLL.
Principles of Lifelong Learning.
Lifelong Learning as a system aims at systematic acquisition, renewal and upgrading of knowledge, skills and attitudes and it promotes self-directed learning activities leading to greater self-fulfillment of each individual. Successful LLL can be based on two organizing principles (a) vertical integration and (b) horizontal integration. It should be organized in such a manner that, formal education received through various agencies is coordinated with each other and functions as a continuation from one stag to the next.
Post-school and continuing education too should be seen as continuation of the individual’s learning. This is vertical integration. Secondly, post-formal education learning can be continued at workplace, at home, in clubs, cultural organizations and even through leisure activities. The worth whileness of learning in such diverse situations needs to be recognized and used for supporting LLL. This is horizontal integration.
Organizing Lifelong Education System.
Lifelong education system should be a network of formal education institutions, open learning institutions and a variety of industry set ups. It can use cable television, satellite transmission, video text and teletext, electronic blackboards videocassettes, CD-ROMs, computer networks and teleconferencing. It should emphasize experiential learning based on experience in the world of work through study programs, internships, sandwich courses and cooperative education.