Socialization is the lifelong process of social learning that human beings undergo. As one of the most important concepts in sociology, it is variously defined as everything from the process of cultural transmission to the acquisition of a personality. Socialization influences virtually every aspect of our beings and personalities, from key physiological processes to character structure. Social learning occurs in practically every social setting, and nearly all our social experiences contribute to what and who we are
Socialization is a process of learning which enables man to acquire the social habits and approved behaviour, internalize the norms and values of the society of which he is a member. Norms are the conceptions of appropriate and expected behaviour that are held by most members of the society. Through socialization, the child recognize and responds to the shared meanings and expectations of others. Socialization is the process whereby people learn to conform to social norms, a process that makes, possible an enduring society and the transmission of its culture between generations. The process has been conceptualized into two ways.
- Socialization be conceived as the internalization of social norms social mules become internal to the individual in the sense that they are self-imposed rather than imposed by means of external regulation and are thus part of the individual’s personality. The individual therefore feels a need to conform.
- It may be conceived as an essential element of social interaction. On the assumption that people wish to enhance their own self-image by gaining acceptance and status in the eyes of others in this case the individuals become socialized as they guide their own actions to accord with the expectations of others.