What type of relationship exists between the state government and the Panchayati Raj Institutions?

The relationship between state government and the Panchayati Raj Institutions is expected to be complementary in nature but they do not behave in such cordial way. The Panchayati Raj Institutions fall under state preview and are created by the states. There exists a superior-inferior relationship between the state and the Panchayati Raj Institutions. On one hand state is committed to decentralization and on the other hand is feared of misuse of power by local bodies or it may be the fear of slip of some powers from its own hands to lower level institutions. In such a fear, a number of checks have been imposed by the states and an environment of excessive control has been created.

There is no subject under Panchayati Raj Institutions over which the state does not have any control. With the result, in several states the rulers at the state level discovered a number of problems, real or imaginary such as structural weaknesses, organizational short-comings, functional deficiencies, inept performances, lack of adequate resources etc. So, with varied intentions the Panchayati Raj Institutions are sometimes suspended or elections are avoided in due period of time. So, the relationship of state and Panchayati Raj institutions is basically of power sharing which the states can neither deny directly nor able to do the same so try to create certain artificial barriers if they feel necessary.

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