Howard Gardner in his book Frames of Mind proposed the theory of multiple Intelligence, wherein he emphasized the need to broaden the concept of intelligence to include all potential capacities student have. His theory provides comprehensive view of human abilities extending from logical mathematical and linguistic abilities (the type of skill most assessed and valued in schools settings).
- Linguistic Intelligence: The capacity to efficiently use language and vocabulary, either orally or in writing.
- Logical-Mathematical Intelligence: The ability to logically deduce a numerical or a scientific problem.
- Musical Intelligence: A strong auditory intelligence characterized by a sense of rhythm, music and hearing.
- Bodily-Kinaesthetic Intelligence: This area deals with physical activity. Students with this type of intelligence learn faster and better using hands on approach.
- Spatial Intelligence: This intelligence is characterized by a strong visual memory and the ability to mentally manipulate objects. It is all about images
a and space and the capacity to visualize it.
- Interpersonal Intelligence: The capacity to understand and perceive other students moods, feelings, motivations and intentions.
- Intrapersonal Intelligence: This intelligence is characterized by the ability to understand and introspect our own needs, desires and limitations.
- Naturalistic Intelligence: An affinity towards the natural habitat and those who live in it, that is plants and animals form this intelligence.